Since its dazzling debut in 1981, the French TGV has made a name for itself not only in France and Europe, but also much further afield, in South Korea and Morocco. With its latest model, the 4th generation TGV M, the high-speed train has reached a whole new level. The distinctive made-in-France silhouette is now a common sight around the world.
In these times of global energy and climate crises, the new TGV has two particularly relevant selling points: ultra-competitive energy-efficiency and an exceptional per-passenger carbon footprint. With a 20% lower energy consumption than the previous generation, the savings are considerable and directly stem from significant improvements in aerodynamics – a more compact and simplified architecture, including the power car – that we will analyze in detail with the help of 3D animations. And greater energy efficiency is combined with a reduced carbon footprint, with a 20% increase in passenger capacity. SNCF and Alstom, the French railway operator and manufacturer, have successfully reduced the size of the engine to be able to add another carriage to the TGV M, which will be able to carry up to 1,500 passengers per trip.
Unlike the rigid architecture of earlier generations, the unprecedented modularity of the TGV M will make it possible to adjust the number of carriages according to need, for example, 7 or 9 instead of the usual 8 per train, and to transform carriage configurations like a Lego construction set. For example, 1st class seating areas can be transformed into 2nd class areas, or reconfigured as meeting rooms or bicycle and storage areas by adding or removing seats. The train’s modified architecture was made possible by what is called the greffon in French, a groundbreaking coupling device for high-speed rail that is protected by trade secret law... The ultra-connected TGV M will be equipped with revolutionary maintenance sensors with unprecedented predictive capabilities: gigas of data from circulating trains will be transmitted to maintenance centers every 100 milliseconds for AI processing. In other words, real-time information on train parts will make it possible to predict maintenance needs and to consequently reduce maintenance costs by 30%.
From the early days of brainstorming in 2014 to the first full-scale tests on the French rail network in 2023, we will recount the story of an exceptional decade-long industrial adventure. Whereas some countries like China continue to buck the trend by wagering on trains reaching ever-faster speeds, the TGV M has capped its top speed at 320 km/h in order to focus on improved energy consumption and material recyclability. What if the TGV M radically altered the course of high-speed rail travel for a more sustainable future?